Saponins are a complex carbohydrate (glycoside) containing several sugar molecules attached to a polycyclic carbon backbone (Aglycone). Saponins serve several important functions in the plant, such as IPM, wetting abilities (for soil) and even soil rejuvenation. They are found in most vegetables and herbs, having a bitter taste and being toxic to insects. It is the plant's natural way of fending off bugs.
Saponins are amphipathic, which work in polar and non-polar conditions (water and oil). Due to this, saponins can cause foaming/frothing characteristics in water along with their highly conjugated sugar side-chains. This causes water to penetrate the roots more efficiently, allowing you to get more optimal nutrient uptake and go longer between watering.
Furthermore, Saponins can break down into their Aglycone Carbon Backbone, which is toxic to insects, especially in combination with Aloe and Agsil.
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